The Deputy Governor of the Bank of France, Jean-Pierre Landau, also named “Mister Bitcoin” by the French authorities, submitted a report to Bruno Lemaire, the French Minister of Finance and Economy. The report stated cryptocurrencies are in a part of technological and financial experiment. Their future continues to be unsure, nonetheless, there are few attainable situations. One can be “a total collapse and extinction, or marginalization of all existing currencies,” which could be very doubtless, he wrote, or “a ‘darwinian’ natural selection would see one or two dominant currencies emerge.”
“Regulating Crypto Would Freeze an Evolving Technology”
Another attainable situation can be the start of recent actors from the digital world, social networks, or from e-commerce, who would develop their very own fee methods or their very own inside currencies. “In this explicit part, three rules ought to information the general public insurance policies: (1) not to straight regulate the cryptocurrencies; (2) create a good surroundings for the event of the expertise; (3) as an alternative, fastidiously circumscribe the dangers, which imposes to strictly restrict publicity of the cryptocurrencies to the monetary sector.
In January 2018, Jean-Pierre Landau was assigned on a mission by the French Minister of Economy and Finance to examine and suggest some orientations on the evolution of cryptocurrencies’ rules. One of the primary targets for this mission was also to struggle in opposition to utilization of cryptocurrencies akin to Bitcoin for tax evasion, cash laundering or funding of felony and terrorists’ actions.
Recommendation to the French Government
In his report, submitted to the French authorities on July fifth, Landau described the ambition of cryptocurrency as “beautiful, however hard to satisfy.” Nine years after Bitcoin was launched, cryptocurrency funds are nonetheless not mainstream, he argued. “Bitcoin funds signify solely 0.2 % transaction quantity within the Eurozone,” the report stated. “The profound cause of this inefficiency resides in the decentralized management of the [crypto] money. The said [decentralized management] of cryptocurrencies imposes a very heavy, long and costly validation procedure – often deliberately costly, like it is the case with Bitcoin. The handicap is lasting, perhaps permanent: it is impossible for a monetary system to conciliate the three requirements of security, decentralization, and efficiency,” Landau wrote.
The Bank of France OB also criticized the open supply nature of cryptocurrencies’ governance, which he described as “very badly adapted” to the necessities of a steady currency, on the long-term as elementary choices are taken informally by the builders’ neighborhood.
“Regulating Crypto is Unnecessary and Unwanted”
It is each undesirable and pointless to straight regulate cryptocurrencies, Landau wrote. “A direct regulation is unwanted because it would force to define, classify and therefore to rigidify objects that are essentially evolving and still unidentified”. Landau also recognized three primary risks in regulating cryptocurrencies. The first hazard can be to congeal in textual content an evolving expertise. The second can be the chance of bewilderment the true nature of the article to be regulated, then orienting innovation in direction of regulatory evasion. “On the contrary, regulation must be technologically neutral, thus should be addressed to the actors, not to the product itself,” the report stated.
Jean-Pierre Landau is thought for being a crypto skeptic. In 2014, he warned the general public in opposition to the folly of cryptocurrencies in a column printed by the Financial Times below the headline “Beware the mania for Bitcoin, the tulip of the 21st century,” in reference to the 16th century’s infatuation for tulip buying and selling, within the former Netherlands.
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